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Julian Thomas
Julian Thomas

Buy Pure Iodine ##TOP##

Iodine crystals, which are used legally for a variety of commercial andmedical purposes, frequently are used illegally to produce high qualityd-methamphetamine. The following ephedrine/pseudoephedrine reduction methodutilizes iodine in the production process.

buy pure iodine


The federal government regulates the sale of iodine crystals, which arereadily available for legitimate uses. However, it is illegal to import, export,purchase, or sell iodine crystals in the United States if they are used orintended to be used in the production of methamphetamine. Typicallymethamphetamine producers acquire iodine crystals through theft or diversion,from Mexican criminal groups that smuggle iodine into the United States acrossthe U.S.-Mexico border, or by purchasing and crystallizing iodine tincture, thesale of which is not regulated in most U.S. states.

Methamphetamine producers use iodine crystals to produce hydriodic acid, the preferred reagent in the ephedrine/pseudoephedrine reduction method of d-methamphetamine production. A reagent is a chemical used in reactions to convert a precursor into a finished product. The reagent does not become part of the finished product. The regulation of hydriodic acid by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) in 1993 rendered the chemical virtually unavailable in the United States.

Hydriodic acid can be produced by combining iodine crystals with water and some form of phosphorus, including red phosphorus, hypophosphorous acid, or phosphorous acid. In the methamphetamine production process, iodine crystals may be used to prepare hydriodic acid in a separate step or may be introduced directly into the synthesis of the methamphetamine.

Small-scale methamphetamine producers who are unable to obtain iodinecrystals occasionally produce them from iodine tincture by mixing iodinetincture with hydrogen peroxide. This is a time-consuming process that yields avery small amount of iodine crystals in relation to the amount of tincture andhydrogen peroxide used.

Iodine tincture for human antiseptic use on wounds and scrapes usually issold in small quantities, typically in 1-ounce bottles containing 2 percentiodine. These small bottles are sold for $1 to $2. "Strong" iodinetincture (7% concentration) for veterinary use is sold in various sizes from16-ounce bottles to 50-gallon drums. A 16-ounce bottle of strong iodine is soldfor $4 to $6. The primary ingredients in iodine tincture are ethyl alcohol andwater.

Iodine crystals may be purchased from a variety of businesses. Crystalstypically are available for sale at chemical supply stores, feed and tackstores, and veterinary clinics and suppliers. Iodine also is widely available onthe Internet. One online pharmacy, for example, sells iodine crystals in ouncequantities for approximately $14. One pound of iodine crystals retails forapproximately $160. A rancher with a large farm typically may use up to 2 ouncesto treat a herd in 1 year. A methamphetamine producer, on the other hand, mayuse 2 to 4 pounds to produce 1 pound of methamphetamine.

Companies in several countries throughout the world produce and sell iodinecrystals commercially. Chilean companies were the world's largest producers ofiodine in 2000, followed by Japanese and U.S. companies. Overall, worldwideiodine production increased from 13,726 tons in 1994 to 18,993 tons in 2000.Iodine crystal producers sell the chemical to companies that either use iodinein manufacturing processes or sell it wholesale.

The Comprehensive Methamphetamine Control Act of 1996 identifies iodine as a List II chemical. DEA mandates that detailed records be kept for sales of iodine crystals that exceed the threshold of 0.4 kilogram established in 2000. Anyone who sells a total of 0.4 kilogram (13.98 ounces) of iodine crystals to an individual, corporation, business, or other legal entity in a 2-month period must obtain data identifying the purchaser, keep records of the transactions for 2 years, and report any suspicious transactions to DEA. This rule does not apply to iodine tinctures or other iodine mixtures.

On May 15, 2002, a federal jury convicted a feed store owner in Sallisaw, Oklahoma, on 12 criminal charges for selling iodine crystals to methamphetamine producers. The charges included conspiracy to distribute listed chemicals, possession and distribution of listed chemicals, conspiracy to commit money laundering, and money laundering. From January 1998 through September 2000, the store owner purchased nearly 5,000 pounds of iodine crystals at a cost of $8 per ounce and sold the crystals for $50 per ounce to individuals from Arkansas, Kansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma. During the trial witnesses testified that the store owner knew the crystals were to be used to manufacture methamphetamine.

In California iodine sales and purchases are subject to even more stringent regulation. Section 11107.1 of the California Health and Safety Code requires recordkeeping of all iodine crystal sales regardless of the amount, and sales are limited to 8 ounces of iodine in a 30-day period to any individual. The seller must retain the original bill of sale for 3 years and maintain a record of sale that includes the purchaser's name, address, driver's license number or other state-issued identification number, license plate number, and a description of how the purchaser will use the iodine. Both the purchaser and seller must sign the record. The purchaser must also maintain a record for 3 years that includes the place and date of purchase, a description of the purchase, the quantity purchased, and the cost of the purchase. The records maintained by both the seller and purchaser must be made available to law enforcement upon request. The sale of iodine tincture in the amount of $100 or less is exempt from these requirements.

Law enforcement reporting indicates that the theft and diversion of iodinecrystals occur most frequently in the western half of the United States,particularly in states where methamphetamine production and abuse are prevalent.Law enforcement officials in Arizona, California, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico,Oklahoma, and Oregon have reported numerous incidents of iodine theft anddiversion. Most of these incidents occurred at businesses that appear to belegitimate. Feed and tack stores, also primary sources for the cutting agent MSM(methylsulfonylmethane), are particular targets.

Methamphetamine producers also obtain iodine crystals from Mexican criminalgroups that smuggle the crystals from Mexico into the United States. U.S.Customs Service (USCS) seizures of iodine at ports of entry (POE) along theU.S.-Mexico border increased from approximately 780 kilograms in 2000 toapproximately 2,140 kilograms in 2001. Most seizures occurred in SouthernCalifornia at the San Ysidro and Otay Mesa POEs. Seizures also were made at POEsin Arizona and Texas.

Law enforcement officers who come into contact with iodine crystals should exercise extreme caution when handling, storing, or transporting the chemical. Boots, gloves, eye protection, and respiratory gear should be worn when exposure to iodine is likely. Although iodine alone is not flammable, it is a strong oxidizer that can ignite or cause explosions when mixed with other combustibles or reducing agents such as alkali metals, ammonia, and phosphorus. Iodine should be stored in a tightly sealed container in a cool, dry area away from direct sunlight, drastic temperature changes, and chemical substances that react violently when mixed with iodine.

Doctor Seaweed delivers his seaweed as a natural wholefood, rich in iodine, which is an essential nutrient you have to get in your diet. The primary sources are white fish and dairy, with seaweed being the only natural and plant based source of iodine. Each one of our 500mg capsules provides similar levels of iodine as a portion of haddock.

Independent research from the medical school at the University of Glasgow has shown that our seaweed releases iodine more slowly, with longer retention in the body as compared to synthetic sources used in other iodine supplements.

The essential nutrients that were (and still are!) in seaweed allowed for the evolution of the human brain. Seaweed is a natural rich iodine source which is essential for brain development, and forms a crucial part of this story.

I have more energy. Nails that don't peel and split. Hair getting thicker. I just cannot recommend Dr Seaweed enough. All his seaweed items be it pure, beauty,immunity,focus which are the four I take are all absolutely fantastic. They are also affordable especially when you subscribe and get them even cheaper. Try the pure organic seaweed first you won't regret it like I didn't and like me you might go on to subscribe to others.

Iodine is a mineral found in some foods. The body needs iodine to make thyroid hormones. These hormones control the body's metabolism and many other important functions. The body also needs thyroid hormones for proper bone and brain development during pregnancy and infancy. Getting enough iodine is important for everyone, especially infants and women who are pregnant.

Iodine is available in dietary supplements, usually in the form of potassium iodide or sodium iodide. Many multivitamin-mineral supplements contain iodine. Dietary supplements of iodine-containing kelp (a seaweed) are also available.

Iodine deficiency is uncommon in the United States and Canada. People who don't get enough iodine cannot make sufficient amounts of thyroid hormone. This can cause many problems. In pregnant women, severe iodine deficiency can permanently harm the fetus by causing stunted growth, intellectual disability, and delayed sexual development. Less severe iodine deficiency can cause lower-than-average IQ in infants and children and decrease adults' ability to work and think clearly. Goiter, an enlarged thyroid gland, is often the first visible sign of iodine deficiency.

Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding need to get enough iodine for their babies to grow and develop properly. Breastfed infants get iodine from breast milk. However, the iodine content of breast milk depends on how much iodine the mother gets. 041b061a72


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