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Julian Thomas
Julian Thomas

Learn from the Master: Robert Lowie's History of Ethnology PDF Download


Robert Lowie: A Pioneer of Ethnology




Ethnology is the study of human cultures and their diversity. It is a branch of anthropology that seeks to understand how people live, think, and interact in different societies. Ethnology also explores the historical and evolutionary origins of cultural phenomena, such as language, religion, art, and social organization.




robert lowie historia de la etnologia pdf download



One of the most influential figures in the history of ethnology was Robert Lowie, an Austrian-born American anthropologist who lived from 1883 to 1957. Lowie was a student of Franz Boas, the founder of modern anthropology, and a colleague of many other prominent scholars, such as Alfred Kroeber, Margaret Mead, and Ruth Benedict. Lowie conducted extensive fieldwork among various Native American groups, especially the Crow Indians of Montana. He also wrote several books and articles on ethnological theory and method, such as History of Ethnological Theory (1937), The Crow Indians (1935), and Primitive Society (1920).


Lowie's contributions to ethnology were remarkable for their breadth and depth. He covered a wide range of topics, such as kinship, religion, mythology, art, warfare, social structure, and personality. He also applied a comparative and historical perspective to his analysis, showing how cultures change and interact over time and space. He was critical of evolutionary and diffusionist approaches that tried to explain cultural diversity by simple stages or influences. Instead, he emphasized the importance of empirical data, cultural relativism, and historical particularism. He argued that each culture has its own unique history and logic that must be understood on its own terms.


Lowie's work has inspired generations of ethnologists and anthropologists who have followed his example of rigorous research and respectful engagement with other cultures. His legacy is also preserved in his writings, which are still widely read and cited today. One of his most famous works is Historia de la Etnologia (1946), which was originally written in Spanish for a Latin American audience. In this book, Lowie traces the development of ethnology from its origins in ancient times to its modern achievements in the 20th century. He reviews the main figures and schools that shaped the discipline, such as Klemm, Bastian, Bachofen, Morgan, Tylor, Boas, and the diffusionist and functionalist trends. He also discusses the challenges and opportunities that ethnology faces in the contemporary world.


If you are interested in learning more about Robert Lowie and his history of ethnology, you can download a PDF version of his book for free from this link. You will find a fascinating and comprehensive account of one of the most important fields of human knowledge.


One of the most remarkable aspects of Lowie's history of ethnology is his recognition of the contributions of non-Western scholars and sources to the discipline. He acknowledges the role of travelers, missionaries, explorers, and native informants who provided valuable information and insights about other cultures. He also praises the work of ethnologists from Asia, Africa, and Latin America who challenged the Eurocentric bias and stereotypes that often plagued the field. He cites examples such as Ibn Khaldun, the 14th-century Arab historian who developed a sophisticated theory of social change; Tetsuro Watsuji, the 20th-century Japanese philosopher who analyzed the cultural differences between East and West; and Manuel Gamio, the 20th-century Mexican anthropologist who advocated for the rights and dignity of indigenous peoples. Lowie shows that ethnology is not a monopoly of Western civilization, but a universal endeavor that benefits from the diversity and dialogue of human perspectives.


In conclusion, Robert Lowie's history of ethnology is a masterpiece of scholarship and synthesis that offers a comprehensive and critical overview of the field. It is also a testament to Lowie's passion and curiosity for human cultures and their diversity. Lowie was not only a pioneer of ethnology, but also a lifelong learner who constantly updated and revised his views based on new evidence and perspectives. He was also a generous and humble teacher who shared his knowledge and experience with his students and colleagues. He was, in short, an exemplary ethnologist and a model for anyone who wants to understand and appreciate the richness and complexity of humanity.


In conclusion, Robert Lowie's history of ethnology is a masterpiece of scholarship and synthesis that offers a comprehensive and critical overview of the field. It is also a testament to Lowie's passion and curiosity for human cultures and their diversity. Lowie was not only a pioneer of ethnology, but also a lifelong learner who constantly updated and revised his views based on new evidence and perspectives. He was also a generous and humble teacher who shared his knowledge and experience with his students and colleagues. He was, in short, an exemplary ethnologist and a model for anyone who wants to understand and appreciate the richness and complexity of humanity. b99f773239


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